Vietnam is the easternmost country of the Indochina Peninsula in South East Asia. A long and narrow country, it borders China to the north, Laos to the northwest and Cambodia and Thailand to the southwest. Since the reunification of north and south in 1976, Hanoi is the capital city located in the north of Vietnam. The country has seen a lot of political and economical struggle throughout its history but has still continued to see a consistent growth in population.
Vietnam is the worlds 14th most populous country with 92.7 million inhabitants (2016) making it the 9th most populous Asian country. Vietnam’s population density also sits 16th out of the 51 countries in Asia, reaching a whopping 263 per km2 in 2009. The population densities in Vietnam are split in different regions throughout the north, central and south. The Red River Delta Region has the highest density with 939 people per km2; almost 4 times the national average. The second and third are the south eastern region and Mekong river delta, with 617 and 426 people per km2 respectively.
This gives some insight into where into where the population in Vietnam is concentrated as well as the sheer density in those certain areas. Coincidentally, the two most populated regions in Vietnam are 2 largest agricultural centers in the country. These also contain the two biggest cities, Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi. Ho Chi Minh City boasts a population of 8.4 million, with Hanoi not far behind at 7.5 million On the other end of the scale, remote areas such as the Tay Nguyen Highland and other mountainous areas in the north just have 96 people per km2, mainly due to the fact the climate and terrain in these regions are less ideal to live in. Hanoi boasts
(traffic in Vietnam – Where is the population in Vietnam concentrated)
Vietnam has quite a staggering population growth. In 1950, Vietnam had a population of just 28,000,000. In 2010, it had a population of 87,000,000; indicating an increase of 7,000,000 in just 6 years. The lift expectancy of men versus females in Vietnam also has quite a large contrast with the men expected to live to an average of 72 while the women are expected to live until 81. This can be due to an array of influencing factors such as lifestyle choices and work. Typically in Vietnam, the prevalence of men who smoke cigarettes, drink beer and work hard labour jobs in far higher than women (the women still work incredibly hard) so this may be seen as a strong factor.